To reduce heart fat, weightlifting is better than aerobic exercise

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Obese individuals who were involved in resistance training were more probable to see reductions in a form of heart fat associated with cardiovascular disease, a fresh research finds.

In the tiny research, scientists determined that a certain form of heart fat, pericardial adipose tissue, was lowered in patients who did weight lifting, but not in those who worked to increase their endurance with aerobic exercise, according to a report released in JAMA Cardiology.

Both types of practice led in the decrease of a second form of heart fat, epicardial adipose tissue, which was also associated with heart disease.

To analyze the impact of different types of exercise on heart fat, They recruited 32 adults who were obese and sedentary but did not yet have heart disease, diabetes or atrial fibrillation.

The participants were randomly assigned to a 3-month program of aerobic exercise, weight training or no change in activity (the control group). Each person had an MRI scan of the heart done at the beginning of the study and at the end. Both types of exercise training reduced epicardial adipose tissue mass compared to no exercise: endurance training, by 32 percent and weight training, by 24 percent.

However, only weight training had an impact on pericardial adipose tissue, which was reduced by 31 percent compared to no exercise.

Participants conducted 3 to 5 sets of 10 exercises and monitored the sessions. This particular exercise intervention alone was efficient in decreasing both heart fat depots. We didn’t combine strength and endurance training, which would have been exciting to disclose their potential additive impacts.

While there are plenty of studies looking at the impact of reducing abdominal obesity, the new study is interesting.

 

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